Concentrations of building mass and insufficient greenery in cities are identified to contribute significantly to extended heat stress in the built environment, commonly known as the urban heat island (UHI) effect. This paper presents a scenario-based modelling built on climate change projections and potential alterations of urban greenery in 2030 and 2090 in Adelaide, South Australia. The model is based on regional climate change scenarios, potential urban surface cover alternatives and resulted urban microclimate variations in Adelaide. Projected energy demand variations and corresponding carbon emission are calculated in each scenario. Results indicate that an ideal urban landscape transformation scenario with 30% tree canopy can effectively decrease the surface temperature by 1 °C in winter and 3 °C in summer by 2090. It is estimated that having greener and more heat resilient public spaces could save a total carbon emission of 140,000 tone CO2e in Adelaide annually compared to a business-as-usual scenario. Urban greenery may be used as a mean of increased urban life resilience to climate change by reducing surface temperature, increasing urban resilience and decreasing the energy demand during summer.