Michael Leers, University of Melbourne Introduction The urban environment maybe considered one of the harshest planting and growing environments (Apple yard, 2000, Craul,1993,Gilman,1993,Simpson,1981). The London Tree Officers Association expected a 50% tree replacement rate within their municipality as a result off ailed establishment or from damage/vandalism (Apple yard, 2000). Therefore,it is not surprising or uncommon to…

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Michael Leers, University of Melbourne A means of evaluating the establishment of street trees planted as advanced stock has been determined (Leers 2000).  This was achieved through a literature review and a survey providing data that has undergone statistical analysis.  The survey was based on 510 trees representing 21 species in three municipalities in metropolitan Melbourne,…

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